Table of Contents
- Instruments in Chemistry for Class 12
- 1. Test Tubes
- 2. Test Tube Holder
- 3. Test Tube Brush
- 4. Conical Flask
- 5. Funnel
- 6. Measuring Flask
- 7. Glass-Rod
- 8. China Dish
- 9. Beakers
- 10. Tripod Stand
- 11. Bunsen Burner
- 12. Measuring Cylinder
- 13. Crucible Tongs
- 14. Spatula
- 15. Watch Glass
- 16. Clamp Stand
- 17. Pipette
- 18. Water Bath
- 19. Volumetric Flask
- 20. Centrifuge
- 21. Demonstration Table
- 22. Digital Weighing Scale
- 23. Fume Cup-board
- 24. Crucible
- 25. Test Tube Stand
- 26. Safety Goggles
- 27. Disposable Gloves
- 28. Magnetic Stirrer
- 29. Wash Bottle
- 30. Reagent Bottles
Chemistry lab equipment is essential for carrying out experiments and for performing other tasks in the lab. This list of 30 chemistry lab equipments for Class 12 students covers all the essentials that you will need in your high school chemistry laboratory.
A lab is a place where students can learn about and experiment with the principles of science. To do this, they need to have the right equipment. Make sure you have all the necessary instruments in chemistry lab before you start your experiments. This will help to ensure that your experiments are safe and successful.
Instruments in Chemistry for Class 12
1. Test Tubes
Test tubes are one of the most important pieces of instruments in chemistry lab. They are used to holding small amounts of liquids or solids for testing.
They can be used to mix two or more substances together, to heat substances up, or to cool them down. Test tubes can also be used to store small amounts of liquids or solids.
2. Test Tube Holder
A test tube holder is a piece of lab equipment that is used to hold a test tube. It is usually made of metal and has a handle that can be held by the user.
The test tube holder helps to keep the test tube steady while it is being used.
3. Test Tube Brush
A test tube brush is an essential piece of instrument in any chemistry lab. It is used to clean test tubes and other glassware.
Test tube brushes are usually made of nylon or other synthetic materials. They have a long handle so that they can reach the bottom of the test tube.
The bristles on the brush are soft so that they will not scratch the glass, and are designed to reach the bottom of the test tube and remove any residue that may be present.
4. Conical Flask
A conical flask is a glass container with a narrow neck and flared sides. It is used in chemistry labs for a variety of purposes, including mixing and storing chemicals.
Conical flasks are usually made of borosilicate glass, which is resistant to heat and chemical damage. They are typically used to hold small amounts of liquids or solids.
They can also be used to mix chemicals together.
A funnel is a conical tube with a wide mouth and a narrow neck. It is used to transfer liquids from one container to another. The funnels are placed in the neck of a bottle or flask so that the liquid can be poured into the container without spillage.
They are also used to filter liquids. A filter paper is placed over the mouth of the funnel and the liquid is poured through it. This removes any solid particles from the liquid.
6. Measuring Flask
A measuring flask is an important piece of lab equipment for chemistry students. It is used to measure accurate volumes of liquids. This is important for making accurate measurements. They usually have a spout on the side, which makes it easy to pour the liquid out.
Glass-rods are one of the most important pieces of equipment in a chemistry lab. They are used to stirring solutions and to transfer small amounts of liquid from one container to another.
8. China Dish
China dishes are small, round plates with a flat bottom. They are often used in chemistry labs to hold small amounts of liquids or solids.
China dishes can be made of porcelain, glass, or metal. They are typically used for holding chemicals that will be used in experiments.
They can also be used for storing chemicals after they have been used. China dishes should be cleaned after each use to prevent contamination.
A beaker is a glass container with a flat base and a cylindrical shape. Beakers are used to hold liquids, powders, and other small items. They can also be used for mixing and measuring. They come in a variety of sizes, from small ones that hold only a few milliliters of liquid to large ones that can hold several liters.
Beakers are made of heat-resistant glass, so they can be used for heating substances. They have a spout on the side to make pouring easier. Beakers are usually marked with measurement lines on the side so that the volume of liquid can be easily measured.
10. Tripod Stand
A tripod stand is a three-legged piece of equipment that is used to support a variety of lab equipment. It is often used to support beakers, flasks, and other glassware.
Tripod stands are also used to support Bunsen burners, hot plates, and other lab equipment that needs to be placed on a stable surface.
They help to keep glassware and other lab equipment from being knocked over. This helps to prevent accidents and spills in the lab.
11. Bunsen Burner
A Bunsen burner is one of the most important pieces of equipment in a chemistry lab. It is used to heat substances to high temperatures.
It consists of a metal tube that is connected to a gas supply. There is a knob on the side of the burner that controls the flow of gas.
It can also be used to produce flames of different sizes. The size of the flame can be controlled by adjusting the flow of gas.
12. Measuring Cylinder
A measuring cylinder is a glass cylinder used to measure the volume of liquids. It has markings on the side that show the amount of liquid in the cylinder.
Measuring cylinders are used to measure the volume of chemicals in a lab experiment.
13. Crucible Tongs
Crucible tongs are a type of laboratory equipment that is used to hold and manipulate crucibles. Crucibles are small, cup-shaped dishes that are used to heat and melt substances. They are made of metal and have a long, curved handle. They are used to grip the edges of the crucible so that it can be moved or turned.
Crucible tongs also help to prevent accidents by allowing students to manipulate crucibles without having to touch them directly.
A spatula is a small, flat, and usually blunt-edged tool that is used to mix, spread, and chop substances in a laboratory setting. It is one of the most important lab equipments for chemistry students.
It is usually made of metal or plastic. The blade of a spatula is usually blunt so that it does not cut the substance being mixed. Without a spatula, students would have difficulty mixing and spreading substances in the lab.
15. Watch Glass
A watch glass is a circular piece of glass with a flat surface. It is used in laboratories as a container for small amounts of liquids or solids, or as a cover for beakers and flasks. Watch glasses can also be used to cover Petra dishes and culture tubes.
16. Clamp Stand
A clamp stand is an important piece of equipment for any chemistry lab. It is used to hold various pieces of lab equipment in place.
This includes things like flasks, test tubes, and beakers. These stands are essential for any chemistry lab because they help to keep your workstation organized.
They also help to keep you safe while you are working with dangerous chemicals. When you have all of your equipment securely in place, it reduces the risk of accidents.
A pipette is a small, tube-like instrument that is used to measure and transfer small amounts of liquid. They are often used in chemistry labs to measure out and transfer small amounts of chemicals.
Pipettes are very precise instruments, so it is important to use them correctly. When using a pipette, be sure to hold it upright and squeeze the bulb slowly and evenly.
This will help ensure that the desired amount of liquid is transferred.
18. Water Bath
A water bath is laboratory equipment that is used to heat liquids. It consists of a container filled with water, which is then heated using a heating element. They are often used to heat chemicals or samples that need to be kept at a constant temperature.
19. Volumetric Flask
A volumetric flask is a type of glassware that is used to measure and hold liquids. It is made of glass and has a graduated scale on the side.
This scale is used to measure the volume of liquid in the flask. Volumetric flasks are used in chemistry labs to make accurate measurements of liquids.
A centrifugal machine is a type of lab equipment that is used to separate substances based on their density. This machine works by spinning a sample at high speeds.
It causes the denser substances to move to the outside of the sample, while the less dense substances stay in the center. This separation process is useful for many different types of chemistry experiments.
21. Demonstration Table
The Demonstration Table is one of the most important instruments in chemistry lab. It is used to show students how to set up and use various pieces of equipment. It is also used to show students how to perform various experiments.
It helps students learn about the various pieces of equipment and how to use them properly. It can also help them understand the different types of experiments that can be performed in the lab.
22. Digital Weighing Scale
A digital weighing scale is an important tool in any chemistry classroom. It is used to accurately measure the mass of various chemicals and other substances.
Digital weighing scales are more accurate than traditional analog scales. They can also be used to measure small masses, making them ideal for use in a chemistry lab.
There are many different types of digital weighing scales available on the market. Some of the most popular brands include Ohaus, Sartorius, and Mettler Toledo.
23. Fume Cup-board
Fume cupboards are one of the most important pieces of instruments in chemistry lab. They provide a safe place for students to work with dangerous chemicals.
They are made of a strong, durable material that can withstand the corrosive nature of many chemicals.
They have a ventilation system that helps to remove dangerous fumes from the air. They help to keep students safe when working with dangerous chemicals.
A crucible is a cup-shaped piece of laboratory equipment used to heat substances to extremely high temperatures. Crucibles are made of materials that can withstand these high temperatures, such as porcelain, platinum, and quartz.
Crucibles are used in many different applications in the chemical industry, including smelting metals and making alloys. They are also commonly used in laboratory settings for performing reactions at high temperatures.
25. Test Tube Stand
A test tube stand is an important piece of equipment in any chemistry lab. It is used to hold test tubes while they are being used in experiments or when they are being stored.
Test tube stands come in a variety of different sizes and shapes. They can be made from different materials, such as plastic or metal.
26. Safety Goggles
Safety goggles are an important piece of personal protective equipment (PPE). They protect your eyes from chemical splash and debris.
Goggles should fit snugly and completely cover your eyes. They should also have indirect ventilation to prevent fogging.
You should always wear safety goggles when working with chemicals, even if you are wearing contact lenses. If you do get chemicals in your eyes, flush them immediately with water for at least 15 minutes. Then, seek medical attention if necessary.
27. Disposable Gloves
There are a variety of instruments that are used in chemistry, and each has its own specific purpose. One of the most important instruments in any chemistry lab is the glove.
Gloves protect your hands from dangerous chemicals and other materials that you may come into contact with during experiments. They also help to keep your hands clean and free of contaminants.
Disposable gloves are made from a variety of materials, including latex, nitrile, and vinyl. Each type of material has its own advantages and disadvantages.
28. Magnetic Stirrer
A magnetic stirrer is a type of laboratory equipment that is used to stir liquids. It consists of a rotating magnet that is placed underneath a container of liquid. The rotation of the magnet creates a magnetic field that causes the liquid to stir.
Magnetic stirrers are used in many different types of chemistry experiments, such as those involving reactions between chemicals. They are also used in medical laboratories to stir blood samples.
29. Wash Bottle
A wash bottle is a type of container that is used to hold a liquid, which is then used to wash away another substance. Wash bottles are often used in chemistry laboratories to clean glassware or to rinse chemicals from lab equipment.
Wash bottles are typically made from plastic or glass. They have a wide mouth opening, which allows for easy filling and emptying, and a narrow neck with a screw-on cap. The neck of the bottle is equipped with a small nozzle, which releases the liquid in a fine stream when squeezed.
30. Reagent Bottles
Reagent bottles are one of the most important instruments in chemistry. They are used to storing and dispense chemicals and other substances that are used in chemical reactions.
Reagent bottles come in a variety of sizes, from small vials to large carboys. They can be made of glass or plastic, and they usually have a screw-top lid or a pump dispenser.
They are usually labelled with the name of the substance inside, the date it was added, and the expiration date. It is important to keep track of these things so that you can use the chemicals safely and effectively.